Size of this Norway flag patch: 6.5 x 4 cm (2.56 x 1.57 inch)
- Red background with a blue 'Scandinavian cross' on it
- The Scandinavian cross is outlined by white stripes, which represent the link to other Scandinavian countries.
- The vertical stripe of the cross is based on the left side of the flag.
The Norwegian flag is based on the Danish flag, and was first adopted on 17-07-1821. Norway was ruled by Denmark from the mid-15th century until 1814, when it joined a union with Sweden until 1905. The Norwegian flag had an emblem representing the Norway-Sweden union from 1844 until 1898, when the government re-introduced the Norwegian flag, minus the Union symbol. A 1905 Norwegian referendum voted overwhelmingly to end the country's union with Sweden.
The first flag of 1821 was an idea of Frederik Meltzer's, a Danish Member of Parliament. He got the idea of adding a blue cross to the Danish flag during a session of parliament. We can assume the red and white color came from the Danish flag and the blue from the Swedish flag.